Ibusa Culture

Like other Anioma societies Ibusa is very rich in culture expressed in festivals, marriage, naming, funeral and title-taking ceremonies among others.


Ibusa as a community celebrates festivals considered important to her and nearly all of these festivals are celebrated on annual basis and are believed to purify the land. Some of these festivals are:

  1. Iwu Festival- celebrated by Ogbeowele and Umuodafe quarters of the town. Ogbeowele quarters celebrate the festival in November while Umuodafe celebrate it in December. Major characters of the festival are Eze Iwu, Ndi Enem and Ohene. Within the Anioma nation, Iwu Festival is also celebrated by other communities like Ogwashi-Uku (the community that Ibusa imported the festival), Ubulu-Uku, Ewulu, Ubulu-Unor and Illah.
  2. Ifejioku Festival- Fejoku is the god of agriculture widely celebrated the Anioma people. It is also seen as the sustainer of life that helps food production. This festival holds before Iwaji also called New Yam Festival. It is also the period, able bodied men test their physical strength in a friendly wrestling known as ‘mgba’. In Ibusa, Ifejioku is celebrated by Eze title holders, Ndi Mkpalor and Ngbankpisi. However, each of these title holders celebrates it at different periods.
  3. New Yam Festival (Iwaji)- This festival is generally celebrated across the Anioma region including Ibusa.
  4. Ine is commonly celebrated by some quarters of the town and helps to cleanse the town, aiding moral transformation. It is also thought to promote peace and progress in the town.
  5. Ichu Ekewensu- This is a festival celebrated by the Ezukwu people of the town. The festival socially aims at purifying the community and warding it off of evils that may hider progress in the town.
  6. Ulor- This is another festival often celebrated in Ibusa. It requires dancing and singing.
  7. Ofala- Ofala, an annual festival is celebrated every December 25. It was invented by the Obuzor institution.

Music and Dance

There are different types of dance and music performed by Ibusa people. Some of these dances and music are:

  1. Okanga (originated as a war dance but now commonly performed as a passage rite genre for Alor title holders in Ibusa). It does not take its root from Ibusa as it is also practiced in other parts of Anioma
  2. Agwuba (a form of dance performed at traditional occasions. However, in Ibusa, Agwuba may also be performed as part of funeral rites). Agwuba is a kind of native musical drum made of wood and thick leather. It produces a special kind of rhythmic sound when beaten. It is the sound of the drum that its dancers follow in their slow movement dance.
  3. Imanokwa  (This is a sort of grand dance performed as form of entertainment but it is also forms part of the funeral rites of a deceased Eze title holder)
  4. Agilima (Funeral dance mostly used as burial rite for Ezeagwu and sometimes Nwada)

Other types of dance typical to Ibusa are:

  1. Uloko
  2. Agbalani
  3. Odukor
  4. Ekobe
  5. Idegbani

Title-taking in Ibusa

Ibusa society is rich in titles. This is because it forms the social order that helps to stabilize the community. Many of these titles are celebrated in elaborate ceremonies. Titles become evident in traditional ceremonies such as burial rites, social and political meetings. It also helps to create levels in Ibusa that helps holders to play their roles and discharge functions to the development of the town. Title holders are often accorded respect and are viewed as people in authority.

Some of these traditional titles Ibusa are:

  1. Ikwele: This is a Priest
  2. Ohene: Ohene is a Priest
  3. Omu: The Omu is a very important institution reserved for women. She is the leader of women and also the custodian of tradition. She cleanses the market and stays in charge of it.

Ibusa social status is divided into three

  1. Eze or Obi is the highest traditional title in Ibusa.
  1. Mkpalor (or Ikpa Alor) is second to Obiship/Ezeship
  1. Mgbankpisi is the lowest title in Ibusa society.

There are three Warlords that are:

  1. Odogwu of Ibusa (greeted, Odogwu Abii)
  2. Uwolo of Ibusa (greeted, Uwolo Agba)
  3. Iyase of Ibusa  (greeted, Iyase Onowu)

Ibusa Salutations

The Ibusa tradition prescribes different types of salutations for the town. These salutations are greeted according to positions, village of origin and marital status (for woman). The Obuzor is traditionally greeted ‘Obuzor Oza, Oza, Oza; the Ikwele is greeted ‘Oworta’ and the Omu is greeted ‘Ogbueshi’. The ten villages have different salutations.